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Cherokee matrilineal kinship system. A child is related to his mother, and through her to his brothers and sisters. He is also related to his mother’s brothers, sisters and mother. A child is not related to his father. The important male relative in a child’s life is his mother’s brother. White men who married Cherokee women were shocked to find that they were not considered to be related to their own children, and that mothers, had control over the children not them. She was head of the family.