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Also called ‘tincture of opium’, laudanum was used primarily as a sedative and painkiller. Girls as young as fourteen were prescribed laudanum. Even infants were spoon fed laudanum. Physicians cited its benefits as not only helping to calm nerves and quiet the disposition, it was prescribed as an aid for childbirth, menstruation and menopause. If one was not careful, taken in large doses, it caused unconsciousness. Many women, particularly prostitutes, used laudanum to commit suicid

Laudanum is an alcoholic tincture of opium, sometimes sweetened with sugar and also called wine of opium. The 19th century was marked by the widespread use of laudanum as it was cheaper than a bottle of wine as it was not taxed as an alcoholic beverage. The addictive properties were not known and in some cases Laudanum was consumed with Absinthe, like Johnny Depp does in the movie "From Hell". A lot of the old west people died of this addiction.....

Because the funeral arrangements are so expensive, a body is sometimes placed in a temporary coffin. During this time, the family accumulates the necessary funds to pay for a proper funeral. Once the funds are raised, so is the dead. The Toraja genuinely believe that the dead are able to walk themselves to their new burial site. What we are seeing depicted in the picture is that the somewhat mummified corpse is removed from its temporary coffin and transported upright to the permanent…