July 15, 1959: Half a million steelworkers go on strike over proposed work rule changes which would have resulted in reduced hours and layoffs. The strike affected nearly every steel mill in the country. The strike ended after the federal government ordered a back-to-work injunction under the provisions of the Taft-Hartley Act, which the Supreme Court upheld.
July 7, 1998: A two-day general strike called by a coalition of 60 unions shuts down most of Puerto Rico. More than half a million people participated in the walkout, supporting striking telephone workers and protesting plans to privatize the telephone company. It was the largest work stoppage in the island’s history.
July 3, 1835: More than 2,000 workers—many of whom were children—from 20 textile mills in Paterson, NJ, go on strike demanding shorter working hours (from the 13 1/2-hour days they were working to 11 hours). Employers refused to negotiate and broke the strike by unilaterally declaring a reduction in work hours to twelve hours daily during the week and nine hours on Saturdays.
July 8, 1867: In response to the 1865 eight-hour day mandate for city employees, employers in San Francisco form the Ten-Hour Association. The association created the Ten-Hour League Society, whose goal was to unite all workers “willing to work at the old rates, neither unjust to the laborers nor ruinous to the capital and enterprise of the city and state, together with all Master Builders and Master Workmen and Capitalists injured by the Eight-Hour rule.” Their efforts failed.
Legendary British Victorian stage actor Sir John Martin Harvey (who bears, I think, a striking resemblance to Oscar Wilde) and his rather delight hat. #Victorian #19th_century #1800s #photograph #antique #vintage #man #actor #stage