"In mid-19th Century America, communication between St. Joseph, on the fringe of western settlement, and gold mining communities of California challenged the bold and made skeptical the timid. Into this picture rode the Pony Express. In rain and in snow, in sleet and in hail over moonlit prairie, down tortuous mountain paths . . . pounding pony feet knitted together the ragged edges of a rising nation.” Frank S. Popplewell
October 24, 1861: The Pony Express meets its end when the first transcontinental telegraph line across the United States is completed. Photograph of Broncho Charlie Miller - purported last surviving Pony Express rider, and performer in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show. NYHS Image #88386d.
Gustav Cramer and Mrs. Cramer in carriage. Photo by J.C. Straus. Gustave Cramer was born in Germany in 1838, and came to St. Louis in 1859. He was a pioneer in the manufacture of photographic dry plates, and founder of G. Cramer Dry Plate Company, St. Louis, 1882. A philanthropist, he was founder of the St. Louis Altenheim, a home for the aged. He passed away in 1914 and is buried at Bellefontaine Cemetary in St. Louis. Missouri History Museum
The rough-riding talents of Lulu Parr were not first seen at Buffalo Bill’s Wild West. Her skill with the gun caught the attention of Pawnee Bill, who signed her to his show in 1903. She left that show but came back in 1911. By that time, Pawnee Bill had joined Buffalo Bill’s show. Buffalo Bill was so in awe of Lulu’s willingness to ride unbroken ponies that he presented her with an ivory-handled Colt single-action revolver, engraved with “Buffalo Bill Cody to Lulu Parr—1911.”