The iron crown of charlemagne between 700 and 780 ad.

Relic Crown of St. Louis This crown is of ancient medieval origin and is said to contain a piece of the true cross of Christ, imbuing it with reliquary status. Called the Crown of St. Louis, it’s made of gold and silver and set with precious stones.

The Crown of Margaret of York, c. 1300

The octagonal crown fashioned from pure gold is studded with 144 precious stones and just as many pearls yet it is a priceless artifact for other reasons. The crown almost certainly once graced the head of the first German emperor Otto I more than 1,000 years ago. For hundreds of years it has been one of the most potent symbols of the Holy Roman Empire, the German kingdom which stretched across most of Central Europe.

Imperial Crown of Charlemagne The crown of the Holy Roman emperors, called the crown of Charlemagne, is the oldest in Germany. It is imbued with legendary, even esoteric mystique and no-one could claim legitimate rulership without being crowned with it. To this day legend has it, that he who owns it will rule all Europe. It was pursued by Hitler and Napoleon desired to be crowned with it but the custodians of the crown kept it hidden.

Charlemagne’s iron crown. Note the iron inner strip, it was said to be crafted from a nail from the cross of Jesus. This is called the Lombardy crown and the crown of the Holy Roman Empire.

Crown of the Empress Constanza of Aragon, (died 1222), wife of Emperor Friedrich II of Hohenstaufen. Cathedral, Palermo, Italy.

Charlemagne

Morse (clasp for a liturgical cope) with the Annunciation, made in Europe in the 13th century

Essen crown. The small crown is the oldest surviving crown of lilies in Europe. It is stored for almost a millennium in the Essen treasury. It was used until the 16th century at the coronation of the Golden Madonna at the Candlemas on February 2nd. The gold band with 4 lilies is decorated with filigree patterns of coupled gold wires, set with pearls and precious stones. The crown was created at the second half of the 11th century. The origin of the crown is unclear.

Detail of the votive crown of Visigoth king Reccesuinth († 672). Made of gold and precious stones in the 2nd half of the 7th century. Its part of the so-called Treasure of GuarrazaR National Archaeological Museum of Spain

Roman Earring. Gold with a pearl. 0 - 200 AD

A family tree of the kings and queens of England (and later, of Britain) as well as several other royal houses of Europe. Starts with Charlemagne and goes to the new Prince George of Cambridge. I'd love to have this in my classroom!!!

Emperor leo VI's 866-912 AD, Byzantine Empire.

Iranian Crown Jewels: The Pahlavi Crown

Ancient Greek crown

Russian Great Imperial Crown, first worn by Catherine the Great; the diamond-encrusted crown holds the second largest spinel in the world, a red spinel weighing 398.72 carats.

tiara of anne boleyn

Crown of Margaret of York, an extremely rare example of English medieval metalwork is the silver gilt crown, dating from c1461. She wore this crown at her wedding to Charles the Bold in Bruges 1468, & later presented it to the altar of Our Lady in Aachen on her visit in 1475, thus sparing it from destruction in either the Reformation or English Civil War. The original leather case also survives & is displayed alongside.

Jewelry taken from Queen Puabi's tomb at Ur in ancient Sumeria, 3rd millennium BC. The various pieces could be arranged in several different ways, as necklace or crown

Imperial Crown of Russia created for the coronation of Catherine the Great, Russian Crown Jewels