The iron crown of charlemagne between 700 and 780 ad.

Relic Crown of St. Louis This crown is of ancient medieval origin and is said to contain a piece of the true cross of Christ, imbuing it with reliquary status. Called the Crown of St. Louis, it’s made of gold and silver and set with precious stones.

The Crown of Margaret of York, c. 1300

Crown of the Empress Constanza of Aragon, (died 1222), wife of Emperor Friedrich II of Hohenstaufen. Cathedral, Palermo, Italy.

The octagonal crown fashioned from pure gold is studded with 144 precious stones and just as many pearls yet it is a priceless artifact for other reasons. The crown almost certainly once graced the head of the first German emperor Otto I more than 1,000 years ago. For hundreds of years it has been one of the most potent symbols of the Holy Roman Empire, the German kingdom which stretched across most of Central Europe.

Morse (clasp for a liturgical cope) with the Annunciation, made in Europe in the 13th century

Imperial Crown of Charlemagne The crown of the Holy Roman emperors, called the crown of Charlemagne, is the oldest in Germany. It is imbued with legendary, even esoteric mystique and no-one could claim legitimate rulership without being crowned with it. To this day legend has it, that he who owns it will rule all Europe. It was pursued by Hitler and Napoleon desired to be crowned with it but the custodians of the crown kept it hidden.

Essen crown. The small crown is the oldest surviving crown of lilies in Europe. It is stored for almost a millennium in the Essen treasury. It was used until the 16th century at the coronation of the Golden Madonna at the Candlemas on February 2nd. The gold band with 4 lilies is decorated with filigree patterns of coupled gold wires, set with pearls and precious stones. The crown was created at the second half of the 11th century. The origin of the crown is unclear.

Charlemagne

In love with this diamond crown ring.

A Saxon crown, 3rd quater 17th century.

Detail of the votive crown of Visigoth king Reccesuinth († 672). Made of gold and precious stones in the 2nd half of the 7th century. Its part of the so-called Treasure of GuarrazaR National Archaeological Museum of Spain

Crown of the Kingdom of Kazan. Gold, precious stones and pearls. Russia. 1553. Armoury Chamber of the Moscow Kremlin. Diamond Fund. Moscow, Russia.

Queen Isabel I of Spain Crown

Crown, from Tomb VI, Tillya Tepe, Afghanistan, 2nd quarter 1st century AD

silver crown comes from the necropolis of Ballana situated south of Abu Simbel, the site is today submerged by the waters of Lake Nasser. The tomb in which the crown was found, without doubt, is that of a local potentate judging by the abundance and quality of the material uncovered in the 1930s by W.B. Emery. 5th century AD provenance Ballana Tomb B80, Room 3, burial C area Egypt period 5th Century AD

Roman Earring. Gold with a pearl. 0 - 200 AD

English made Pendant c. 1540-1560 at the Victoria & Albert Museum - The settings of the stones on this pendant are open at the back. This allows direct contact with the wearer's skin. According to medieval and Renaissance beliefs, the magical properties of the stones could thus benefit the wearer. Renaisance pendants were often made as amulets to protect against danger. Here, the power of the amulet is heightened by an inscription to ward off epilepsy and an invocation to God, Jesus and Ma...

Tara Brooch, Celtic, c. 700 CE.

Württembergische Königskrone (Crown of Germany)