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    Peter Abélarde ...was the preeminent philosopher of the 12th century and perhaps the greatest logician, theologian and ethicist of the Middle Ages.

    Peter Abelard

    Peter Abelard was a medieval French scholastic philosopher, theologian and preeminent logician.[1] The story of his affair with and love for Heloise has become legendary. The Chambers Biographical Dictionary describes him as "the keenest thinker and boldest theologian of the 12th Century"

    The tomb of tragic, 12th century lovers Peter Abelard & Heloise at Pere Lachaise Cenetery in Paris. Master Abelard was the most renowned scholar in all of Europe at the time and so he was expected and required to remain celibate. Hence, the problem when he & Heloise fell in love, had the affair, conceived a child and secretly married.... which led to the brutal attack by her uncle's thugs.

    In 1117 Peter Abelard was castrated in retaliation for his affair with Heloise. Abelard’s affair with the teenaged Heloise is celebrated as one of the great love stories of the Middle Ages, but the girl’s uncle & guardian didn’t see it that way. After he discovered his niece was with child, Canon Fulbert sent some goons to castrate Abelard. After the mutilation, the theologian-philosopher began a monastic life. He was considered to be the greatest scholar of his time.

    An absolute faith in god was emphasized. People started to question this. People like Peter Abelard, who had a love affair with Héloïse and used to logic for contradictions in doctrine. Church leaders opposed this and stressed faith for understanding those mysteries. St. Clairvaux challenged Abelard and stressed a union with god. Debates were flourishing in universities. St. Aquinas held faith came first and that reasoning would allow for a greater understanding of god and the natural world.

    April 21, Anselm of Canterbury, died 1109 one of the greatest theologians of the Middle Ages. He is remembered for emphasizing the maternal aspects of God, and for the theory that the Son of God became human in order to make necessary payment for our sin by Lawrence OP, Ans

    Peter Abelard was a famous French teacher & philosopher who was accused of heresy for his teaching the 12th century. He also had an affair with a female student which brought his (celibate) career to an end. Although the pair loved each other for the rest of their lives he became a Monk after being viciously castrated by an angry mob & she became a Nun. Eventually, the pair were buried side-by-side as lovers in a beautiful tomb in Paris.

    "It's a charm..." Kim Thomson as Heloise casting a love spell on Abelard in "Stealing Heaven." (1988) The film about the tragic, true-life, 12th century lovers Abelard & Heloise. Also starring Derek de Lint and Mark Jax.

    Scene from the film "Stealing Heaven" (1988) about the tragic, 12th century lovers Abelard and Heloise. Starring Derek de Lint and Kim Thomson. (X rated but tastefully done. Beautiful film.)

    Dutch actor Derek de Lint as scholar Peter Abelard in "Stealing Heaven." (1988) The story of tragic, legendary 12th century lovers Abelard and Heloise.

    John Stuart Mill IQ: 200 -John Stuart Mill was an English philosopher, economist, and exponent of Utilitarianism. He was prominent as a publicist in the reforming age of the 19th century, and remains of lasting interest as a logician and an ethical theorist. Mill was a man of extreme simplicity in his mode of life. His works exercised upon contemporary English thought, He handled with liberal and inquiring spirit great questions of his time.

    Scene from the film "Stealing Heaven" (1988) about the tragic, 12th century lovers Abelard and Heloise. Starring Derek de Lint and Kim Thomson. (X rated but tastefully done. Beautiful film.)

    Toulouse-Lautrec

    9th-10th C chess piece. Paris, musée national du Moyen Âge - Thermes de Cluny. 10th century, 9th century, early Middle Ages Technic/Material :ivory Production site :Europe

    Kim Thomson as Heloise in "Stealing Heaven" (1988) The film about the tragic, true-life, 12th century lovers Abelard & Heloise. We know their story because their writings, (letters & books) still exist to this day. No wonder many hundreds of thousands make the pilgrimage to their joint tomb at Pere Lachaise Cemetery, Paris each year. I've done it myself. Beautiful & moving experience.

    12th century Spanish silk brocade -- click on the "contents" link in the upper left corner for a lot more information / patterns / pretties to look at

    Alpais Ciborium Made in Limoges 11th or 12th century Louvre, Paris, France #TuscanyAgriturismoGiratola

    Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (10 June 1819 – 31 December 1877) was a French painter who led the Realist movement in 19th-century French painting. The Realist movement bridged the Romantic movement (characterized by the paintings of Théodore Géricault and Eugène Delacroix), with the Barbizon School and the Impressionists. Courbet occupies an important place in 19th century French painting as an innovator and as an artist willing to make bold social commentary in his work.