A German police unit arrived in Olkusz on July 31, 1940, and gathered all the Jewish men in the main square. The Jews were forced to lie on the ground while the policemen and members of the SD registered them. The Germans beat the Jews, shooting one of them. In order to further humiliate them, Rabbi Moshe Yitzhak Hagerman was forced to don his tallith and tefillin (phylacteries) that had been defiled, and to stand barefoot and pray next to the prostrate men of the Jewish community.
A woman weeps during the deportation of Jews from Ioannina. Greece. on March 25, 1944. The deportation was enforced by the German army. Almost all of the people deported were murdered on or shortly after April 11, 1944, when the train carrying them reached Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Thessaloniki, Greece, July 1942: A Jewish man awaits registration for hard labor. Those who appeared for registration were forced to wait for hours under a scorching sun while all the while being harassed, beaten, and made to perform calisthenics by the Germans.
Thessaloniki, Greece, July 1942: Jewish man on the day all Jewish men were ordered to a city square to be put to hard labor. They were made to wait for hours in the burning sun and perform calisthenics or dance. This was a precursor of sending the entire Jewish population of the city to the death camps. In the background, a neatly uniformed Greek gendarme, wearing sunglasses, watches the proceedings.
Greece, 1942: German armor arrives by rail for in-country deployment. The Germans left the largest part of the country to the Italians and Bulgarians and reversed Athens, Thessaloniki and a few other locations for themselves. The bulk of the occupying troops was therefore not German, although the Germans undertook almost exclusively, and always brutally, the operations against Greek resistance.