Adah Belle Samuels Thoms (January 12, 1870 – February 21, 1943) was an African American nurse who fought for African Americans to serve as army nurses during World War I. She was among the first nurses inducted into the American Nurses Association Hall of Fame when it was established in 1976

The only known photograph of an African American Union soldier with his family. c1863-65.

A Woman's War by Captain Gail Harris - Navy's First African American Female Intelligence Officer http://awe.sm/o4ndt

Lucy Laney 1854-1933, founded the first kindergarten for black children in Augusta; the first Nurses' Training Institute for black females; organized the first black high-school football in Georgia; and developed a curriculum that combined arts and sciences with job-training and vocational programs. Among her students was Mary Mcleod Bethune who would one day found her own school and eventually become an advisor to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

Brigadier General Hazel W. Johnson-Brown. The first African American female General and the first Black Chief of the US Army Nursing Corps.

Betsey Stockton (c. 1798–1865) was an African American educator and missionary born into slavery in Princeton, NJ. She gained her freedom at 20 and travelled to Hawaii, Canada and Philadelphia teaching and serving as a nurse. She moved back to Princeton in 1835 and spent the rest of her life enriching the lives of the members of the local African American community. There is a window memorialized to her in the Witherspoon Street Church, Princeton, NJ.

Dr. Dorothy Lavinia Brown (January 7, 1919 – June 13, 2004, also known as "Dr. D.", was an African-American surgeon, legislator, and teacher. She was the first female surgeon of African-American ancestry from the Southeastern United States. She was also the first African American to serve in the Tennessee General Assembly having been elected to the Tennessee House of Representatives.

Elizabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Belgium. During WWI established a hospital and worked as a nurse caring for soldiers and civilians. During WWII German occupation of Belgium she used her influence as Queen and German connections to assist in rescuing hundreds of Jewish children from the Nazis for which she was awarded the title Righteous Among the Nations by the Israeli government

African Americans, Military Heroes, Beautifully Black, Black Stars, Afro Books, Black Afrikan, African American History, American Military

Clara Hale - Mother Hale cared for over 500 children in her lifetime. She founded the Hale House, the first care center in the U.S. for infants born addicted to drugs. She was revolutionary in caring for needs of children. http://www.halehouse.org/aboutmch

Photo of 24 Black nurses who were sent to England to help care for German POWs during WWII. The 1944 deployment of these nurses was a long-time effort to get African American nurses to serve outside of Black regiments. Doretha Anderson (2nd row, 3rd from the right) was one of these nurses. She died on August 19, 2013 at the age of 98.

Anthony Bowen, who purchased his own freedom from slavery in Maryland, founded the first YMCA chapter for African Americans in 1853. This was one of the first organizations for African Americans. Bowen was an abolitionist and advised President Lincoln to enlist African American troops to fight in the civil war. He was also the first African American to work in the US Patent Office.

African American Women Military Service. A Group of Red Cross Nurses on duty as the base hospital at Camp Grant, Illinois. (Scott, 1919)

Fultz Quadruplets (born May 23, 1946, Rockingham, North Carolina) became the first identical African American quadrulets on record. They are pictured meeting President Kennedy.

Dr. Patricia Era Bath is an African American and Native American ophthalmologist, inventor of the Laserphaco Probe. Bath is the first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Her Laserphaco Probe is used to treat cataracts.

Rev. Dr. Pauli Murray became the first African American woman to be ordained an Episcopal priest in 1977 at the age of 67, the first Black deputy attorney general in the state of California in 1945, the first African American to receive a J.S.D. from Yale Law School in 1965, and graduated first (and the only woman) in her Howard University Law School class in 1944.

Teresa Graves - (January 10, 1948-October 10, 2002 ). American singer and actress who made history as being the first African American woman to star in her own television show ‘Get Christie Love!’. She was nominated for a Golden Globe in 1975 for the title role.

Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher 1948 Ada Lois Sipuel When denied admission on the basis of race, Fisher filed a suit asserting that she must be admitted to the OU Law School since there was no comparable facility for African American students. Losing in state courts, Marshall argued the case before the Supreme Court which reversed the lower courts in 1948

An American Red Cross poster showing a Red Cross nurse holding an infant and comforting a woman amid the destruction of war. Gordon Grant, c. 1918.

Part 14: Who Was Susie King Taylor? Susie King Taylor ~ August 1848 – October, 1912 Notable Facts: * Teacher; first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves in Georgia * Army nurse, serving during the American Civil War * Author of “Reminiscences of My Life in Camp with the 33d United States Colored Troops, Late 1st S.C. Volunteers”, she was the only African American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences. Reflections:Susie King Taylor began life as ...