MITCHELSTOWN CASTLE was the ancestral seat of the Earls of Kingston. It was one of the largest Gothic-Revival houses in Ireland. Lord Kingston suffered a financial downfall the Castle was possessed, creditors satisfied and much of the estate was sold. The house was looted and burned in 1922 by the IRA, which had occupied it for the previous six weeks. The order to burn the building, to prevent the Irish Free State army from having use of it, was made by Republican commandant, Patrick Luddy.