Around 1119 A.D., King Baldwin II of Jerusalem agreed to grant the request to form a monastic order for the protection of the pilgrims travelling to the Holy Land in Jerusalem. This request of this new order came from a French knight Hugues de Payens and his relative Godfrey de Saint-Omer. The Order took the name of Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon, or "Templar" knights.
Pope Clement V c1264-1314) Pope from 1305-1314. He is infamous for suppressing the order of the Knights Templar and allowing the execution of many of its members. In 1311 he summoned the Council of Vienne, which refused to convict the Templars of heresy. He abolished the order anyway, as the Templars seemed to be in bad repute and had outlived their usefulness as papal bankers and protectors of pilgrims in the East. Their French estates were granted to the Knights Hospitallers