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Lancastrian Rose by The National Archives UK on Flickr. Lancastrian Rose ’ Description: Coram Rege Roll of Henry VII. The roll records court proceedings that were supposed to be carried out before the king in person (coram rege), although that was rarely true. The rolls often include a portrait of the monarch as if to suggest this presence but here the red rose of Lancaster stands in for King Henry VII’. Date: 1500 The National Archives UK

Dering Roll, c. 1270-1280. The Dering Roll is the oldest English roll of arms surviving in its original form. It was made between 1270 and 1280 and contains the coat of arms of 324 knights, starting with two illegitimate children of King John.

«The Edward IV Roll», (1460-61?), Free Library of Philadelphia [Lewis MS E201]

Social Profiling / avatars: As well as protecting the wearer - coats of arms were designed to tell a story about the status of the bearer - changing as they were passed down from father to son, whilst some might also say they were the precursors to modern day corporate logos representing a group identity. This illustration taken from the 15th century German Hyghalmen Roll, beautifuly illustrates the practise of thematic repetition

  • Isebrand

    Heraldic devices proclaim but also can lay claim upon others or places. They were worn on servants and men-at-arms to identify their allegiance at tournaments, on the battlefield, and within the household where guests were entertained. There would rarely be an instance when a knight or other nobleman would be sporting heraldic emblems without also being at that moment accompanied by others in his employ or in servitude to him. And to the extent that feudal inferiors where about doing their lord's business on his lands or elsewhere, the heraldic devices could instill pride in the wearer or instill fear in a subservient viewer. Of course, how this all played out varied widely depending on the area or medieval era in question.

  • Carina Case

    Thank you for this information.

Tudor_Roll_of_arms,_Sir_Thomas_Wriothesley.png 822×1,725 pixels

Detail from The Rous Roll, an illustrated armorial roll-chronicle by John Rous (d. 1491), chantry priest of Guy's Cliffe, in the county of Warwick , commemorating the benefactors of the town of Warwick and celebrating the deeds of holders of the Warwick earldom. Depicted here are Guthelinus, founder of Warwick, holding a walled town in his left hand, with his helm and crest alongside; and Gwiderius, second founder of Warwick, holding an orb in his right hand and a walled town in his left hand.

vertical pedigree chart, works for 5-6 generations

Peacock Pedigree (1626) Just look at all the heraldry! Post-period, but too cool not to include.

Beautiful family tree of the British Royal Family all the way back to 1066

Pedigree chart of Queen Elizabeth I - c. 1590