Pearl Buck (1892-1973), writer, civil rights activist, winner 1938 Nobel Prize in Literature. Born Hillsboro, West Virginia to missionary parents. Taken to China at 3 months old. Graduated Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, VA, Phi Beta Kappa, 1914. Masters from Cornell University in 1925. In 1949, outraged that existing adoption services considered Asian and mixed-race children unadoptable, Buck established Welcome House, Inc., the first international, interracial adoption agency.
Harriet Tubman She was a runaway slave from Maryland.Over the course of 10 years she led hundreds of slaves to freedom. Later on she became an abolitionist movement. During the Civil War she was a spy for the federal forces in South Carolina.