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Geisha (or older Maiko) posing for a "domestic scene", 1880s by a relatively obscure but active photographer named Yamamoto.

Oiran (花魁) - Oiran were the highest class of courtesans in Edo (now known as Tokyo). An oiran was valued not only for her beauty and charm, but also her wit, knowledge, and skill in traditional Japanese arts. .

A Geisha dressed in the Genroku style showing her obi, 1905. Her obi tied in the Kichiya-musubi style, a knot named after Kamimura Kichiya (or Uemura Kichiya I) who was a popular Kabuki actor during the Genroku period