François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire, lived 1694 –1778), better known by the pen name Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit and for his advocacy of civil liberties, including freedom of religion, freedom of expression, free trade and separation of church and state. Admired by Catherine the Great. Catherine The Great, Notebooks Quotes, Voltaire Quotes, Writers, Novels, History Of Usa, Catholic Church, Una Cartas, People
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Baruch de Spinoza was a Dutch philosopher that was very proficient in science. Most of Spinoza’s work was not recognized until after his death. Today, Spinoza is regarded as one of the greatest 17th century philosophers. His work in philosophy laid the foundation for the 18th century Enlightenment.
Words of Wisdom. Wise men and women exist all throughout history, but only some receive the pleasure of having their theories and teachings shared throughout the ages, long after they have passed on. Descartes is one such person, and this is one of his most memorable teachings of all.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844 – 1900), German philosopher, poet, composer and classical philologist. His key ideas include the death of God, perspectivism, the Übermensch, amor fati, the eternal recurrence, and the will to power. Central to his philosophy is the idea of "life-affirmation,” which involves an honest questioning of all doctrines that drain life's expansive energies, however socially prevalent those views might be.
Portrait of Niccolò Machiavelli by Santi di Tito Full name Niccolò Machiavelli Born 3 May 1469 Florence Died 21 June 1527 (aged 58) Florence Era Renaissance Italy School Renaissance philosophy, realism, Classical republicanism Main interests Politics (and Political Philosophy), military theory, history Influenced by[show] Influenced[show] Signature
Hilary Putnam (1926-present); Putnam and his wife were both raised in secular households even though their mothers were Jewish. After they married, they sought to create the Jewish home that they were once denied. Putnam and his wife Ruth Anna have both written about pragmatism, including the books Pragmatism: An Open Question (1995) and Enlightenment and Pragmatism (2001)