Egyptian Tortoise. Full grown at about 10 centimeters, these little guys are miniature versions of their also-endangered relative, the giant tortoise. They live in the dry, arid climate of the Mediterranean coastal desert, mostly between Libya and Israel.
This looks to one of those turtles I read about that are highly popular because they have this design on their undersides that look to be samurai warriors. I seem to recall they are found at a location in Japan where legend holds that a large contingent of samurai were drowned in a sea battle or a storm. Need to research this.