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  • Nancy FitzSimon

    KIOWA DUTCH ... white captive known as Boin-edal (Big Blonde) by the Kiowa. Little is known, other than he was 8 yrs old when taken captive in 1835, the year the Kiowa Indians raided all the way to the Texas Gulf Coast. His parents, having only arrived from Germany 3 years prior, were killed. Boin-edal remained with the Kiowa all his life, unknown to the whites until a blonde white man was discovered living among the tribe after being placed on the Kiowa reservation 1874.

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Before Ketchum lost his head, a photographer captured the noose being placed around his neck. Ketchum holds the dubious distinction of being the only person ever put to death for the offense of “felonious assault upon a railway train” in New Mexico Territory. – Courtesy Robert G. McCubbin Collection –

SYDNEY SHERMAN - Texas Hero ... outfitted a volunteer force of 52 Kentuckians who left for Texas at the close of 1835. They brought with them the only flag the Texians had to fly during the Battle of San Jacinto. Sherman was placed in charge of Houston's 2nd Regiment of Texas Volunteers. He led the left wing of the Texian army at San Jacinto, and it was he who was credited with the cry: "Remember the Alamo!" At the start of the Civil War, Sherman was appointed Commandant of Galveston. He died in

Once the Comanche raids ceased, the Black Seminole Scouts moved close to the border and patrolled the Big Bend region. They chased Apaches under Victorio and Geronimo. There were at least 4 medal of Honor winners among the Black Seminole Scouts.

Sgt. Ben July, celebrated Seminole-negro scout for US cavalry, shown with his family at the Seminole-negro village near Fort Clark, Texas.

The romantic ballad, "Will you Come to the Bower?", was the song played at San Jacinto as the battle commenced. It became the "unofficial" anthem of the Republic of Texas, a fond reminder of the victory. A description of the 1902 celebration of Texas Independence Day states, "The band then played "Come to the Bower," the air to whose soft, lovesick, lackadaisical strains the Texans advanced to the charge on the field of San Jacinto." (Year Book for Texas , 1903, p.7, vol. II)

San Jacinto Monument LaPorte, Texas

Gathering of Battle of San Jacinto veterans in Belton, 1883. Really cool shot.

Texas Deputy U.S. Marshal Edward W. Johnson (at left) lost his right arm in an 1888 gunfight soon after this photograph was taken. He gained notoriety after an 1889 mob attacked the notorious Marlow Brothers during a jail transport, an incident that inspired the 1965 film Sons of Katie Elder. Also pictured: Texas Ranger Lorenzo K. Creekman (center) and Parker County Deputy Sheriff E.A. Hutchison (at right). – Courtesy George T. Jackson Jr. –

Oliver Lee (1865-1941) Oliver Lee, a Texan who would migrate to New Mexico in late 1800's to establish a large cattle ranch. Eventually became respectable and elected to the state Senate. Though we'll not talk about the ruthless ambition, the several murders in which he was complicit, and corrupt lawyers & politicians he bribed to build his small empire and stay just ahead of the law.

Jose Antonio Navarro, Tejano Statesman 1795 - 1871

Jose Antonio Navarro ... Texas hero; and his recently erected Bronze Cenotaph in the Texas State Cemetery, Austin.

BILLY DIXON - late in life. "I must confess, when I saw and heard the Indians coming to attack us, war-whooping had a very appreciable effect upon the roots of a man's hair. I fired one shot, but did not wait to see where the bullet went. I turned and bolted towards Hanrahan's saloon. The alarm had spread and the boys were preparing to defend themselves. I shouted to them to let me in. As they opened the door and I sprang inside, bullets were whistling and knocking up the dust all around me."

William "Billy" Dixon (September 25, 1850 – March 9, 1913) scouted the Texas Panhandle for the Army, hunted buffalo for the train companies, defended the Adobe Walls settlement against Indian attack with his legendary buffalo rifle, and was one of eight civilians in the history of the U.S. to receive the Medal of Honor.

Horse Head Crossing, Crane County, Texas geocaching and letterboxing

Mission Espada, San Antonio, TX

On Feb 28, 1885 Ranger Captain Josephus Shely (pic) testified against Charles Yeager, charged with murder of US Marshal Harrington Lee Gosling on Feb 21. Gosling and deputies were transporting Yeager and Jim Pitts by train from Austin to Chester, Illinois. Yeager and Pitts pulled smuggled revolvers, murdered Marshal Gosling, fought with deputies and leaped from the moving train. Pitts was mortally wounded. Captain Shely found Yeager the next day. Shely was pall bearer at the Gosling's funeral.

Caprock Canyons State Park and Trailway is home of the official Texas State Bison Herd, direct descendants of the great southern plains bison herd. (Quitaque, Texas)

ELIZABETH CROCKETT home site. Coming to Texas at age 65, almost 20 yrs after her husband's death, Texas awarded her $24 and 1200 acres of land where her son built her a log cabin. She spent the last six years of her life at this place. On a January morning in 1860, wearing the widow’s black she had worn since first learning of her husband’s death, Elizabeth left her cabin to take a walk and shortly fell dead at the age of 72.

FOUR MILE HILL in the distance, near Guthrie, TX. It was a frontier landmark along the buffalo hunters wagon road from the panhandle of Texas to Fort Worth; viewed here from Hwy.114.

Showing the area controlled by the Comanche tribes prior to 1873, before being forced onto a reservation on Oklahoma.

William Polk Hardeman (November 4, 1816 – April 8, 1898) was a Confederate States Army brigadier general during the American Civil War. He had fought in the Texas War of Independence in 1836. He was a member of the Texas Rangers & fought in the Mexican-American War in 1846-1847. During the Civil War, he participated in Brigadier General Henry Hopkins Sibley's New Mexico Campaign & in the Red River Campaign. Hardeman was born in Williamson County, Tennessee

June 24,1864 - In southwest Cameron County, a battle took place between Confederate and Union forces at Las Rusias. Confederate officer Refugio Benavides of Laredo led a company and joined John Salmon "Rip" Ford to overrun Union forces. Ford, a colonel of the Second Texas Cavalry who engaged in border operations protecting Confederate-Mexican trade, praised Benavides for his gallant conduct during the battle.

(c. 1861-1865) Confederate William C. Scott wearing fur cap with leather bill and holding Whitney revolver, 6th Texas Cavalry

The Old Stone Fort...As the home of Nacogdoches native Don Antonio Gil Y'Barbo, the founder of present day Nacogdoches, it played a major roll in the tug-of-war for Texas independence.

Cynthia Ann Parker capture monument | Flickr - Photo Sharing! Cynthia Ann Parker was captured by Comanches at a young age and became a part of the tribe. She unwillingly returned to her family when Texas Rangers captured her in 1860.