How to Make a Chicken Waterer Here's an easy and super cheap way to make a chicken waterer. You can possibly make it for free, using all recycled materials. (I made mine for $1.00 because I found a cake pan at a dollar store.)
sand vs. straw or shavings in the chicken coop: I asked my grandma which they used in their coops growing up and she said dirt. Yes, the dirt on the ground, no built floor, just on top of the dirt, because dirt has natural sanitizing properties and so they had to whitewash the coop, but didn't have to really ever clean it.
Frustrated with your chickens' water constantly freezing during the winter months? Here are some old fashioned ways to keep your chickens' water from freezing. How To Keep Your Chickens' Water From Freezing | areturntosimplicity.com