Marian Anderson In 1939, the DAR refused to let Anderson sing in DC's Constitution Hall because she was black. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt resigned from the DAR, and her husband's administration arranged an outdoor concert at the Lincoln Memorial for a crowd of 75,000 and millions of radio listeners. Anderson was the first African American to sing with the Metropolitan Opera, and in 1958 became a delegate to the United Nations.
Josephine Baker was the first African American female to star in a motion picture, to integrate an American concert hall, and to become a world-famous entertainer. Not only was Josephine beautiful, but she brought incredible amounts of change to the US for African Americans. After growing up being abused by her white female employer, Josephine went to to live as a child of the streets, using street performances to support herself. She soon became the “highest paid chorus girl in…
Nora Douglas Holt (1885-1974) - American musician and singer who composed over 200 pieces. In 1918 she was the first African American woman to earn her master’s degree from Chicago Musical College. During the roaring 1920s, Nora Holt was a wealthy socialite and party girl, Holt was a major player during the Harlem Renaissance. The photo is by an unidentified photographer c1930.
Osborne Anderson was the only African American to Survive, among the five Black Men that accompanied John Brown on the raid on Harpers Ferry! In 1861 Anderson wrote A Voice From Harper’s Ferry. He believed that southern accounts were biased, he felt compelled to give an account of the event from the raiders’ perspective. Click & Listen to performance- Dr. David Anderson is Shields Green! WWW.BlackHistoryBlog.com On iTunes www.AfricanAmericanHistoryClass.com ---------------
Maria P. Williams is the first black woman to direct & produce a film. Her film Flames of Wrath was a crime drama & was released in 1923. It was an extraordinary accomplishment. Black female directors have faced enormous obstacles since Ms Williams shot her ground-breaking film. It took over a half century for another black female director to have a nationally released film. Julie Dash was the first African American woman to have a national release with her film Daughters of the Dust, in…
Willa Brown Chappell , born in 1906 . In 1938 , she became the first woman African American pilot licensed in the united states and in 1943 , the first African American Woman to possess a commercial pilot and mechanic's licence
Richard Theodore Greener (1844-1922) was the first Black graduate of Harvard University (Class of 1870). His papers, including his Harvard diploma, his law license, photos and papers connected to his diplomatic role in Russia and his friendship with President Ulysses S. Grant, were recently discovered in an attic on the South Side of Chicago - just before the house was demolished. Absolutely MONUMENTAL!
Ed Bradley, journalist & one of the 1st African Americans to break into network TV news. He is best known for 26 years of award-winning work on 60 Minutes. During his career he covered the fall of Saigon, was the 1st Black TV correspondent to cover the White House, and anchored CBS Sunday Night with Ed Bradley. He received the Peabody, the NABJ Lifetime Achievement Award, 19 Emmys and others. Known for his style, he was the 1st male correspondent to regularly wear an earring on the air…
Lucy Stone - determined that men were reading the Bible in a way to suppress women, she worked her way through school to learn Greek and Latin to prove them wrong. Kept her last name, chopped her hair off, scandalously wore precursors to pants, was kicked out of church for arguing that women had the right to own property and to be able to divorce abusive alcoholic husbands.
Nina Mae McKinney was an American actress who worked internationally in theatre, film and television after getting her start on Broadway and in Hollywood. Dubbed "The Black Garbo" in Europe, she was one of the first African-American film stars in the United States and was one of the first African Americans to appear on British television.
Edward Bouchet (1852 – 1918) was the first African American to earn a Ph.D. from an American university and the first African-American to graduate from Yale University in 1874. He completed his dissertation in Yale's Ph.D. program in 1876 becoming the first African American to receive a Ph.D. (in any subject). His area of study was Physics. Bouchet was also the first African American to be elected to Phi Beta Kappa.