The Battle of Chalons by Angus McBride, pits the army of Attila, which comprised of Huns, Ostrogoths & Gepids, against the forces of Theodoric and his "Roman" army of Visigoths, Franks, Alans & Burgundians. Basically two armies made up of Germanic tribes. History, 451 Ads, Angus Mcbride, Ancient Dark Age, Of The, Los Campo, German Tribes, Battle, German People
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By common custom, the spectators decided whether or not a losing gladiator should be spared, and chose the winner in the rare event of a "standing tie". Most matches employed a senior referee (summa rudis) and an assistant, shown in mosaics with long staffs (rudes) to caution or separate opponents at some crucial point in the match. A gladiator's self-acknowledged defeat, signaled by a raised finger (ad digitum), would end the combat at the referee's discretion.
Assyrian soldiers circa 670 BC. Outside from their outrageous beards, the most noteworthy accessory on these men is their boots. While combat footwear up through ancient Rome closer resembled sandals, the Assyrians used leather jackboots with metal plated shins. This contributed to the army's infamous ability to march through and fight in any terrain. Along with Alexander's army and the Roman army, the Assyrian army was one of the revolutionary militaries of history.