Charles Sumner was an ardent abolitionist that insulted the honor of Preston Brooks' cousin Andrew Butler. In response, Brooks attacked Sumner with a cane in the US House of Representatives so savagely that Sumner ripped his desk, which was nailed down, out of the floor. Northerner's responded by leaving Sumner's seat symbolically open and Southerner's sent Brooks large numbers of new canes. The whole incident was just another sign of how polarized the nation had become.

“Shell Wound of the face, with great destruction of the soft parts.” Private Joseph Harvey, Co. C, 149th New York Volunteers. Wounded at Chancellorsville, Virginia on May 3 1863.

Sen. Charles Sumner, an anti-slavery legislator from Massachusetts, was attacked on the Senate floor in May 1856 by Rep. Preston Brooks, a cane-wielding South Carolinian. Sumner had vilified Brooks's uncle, Sen. Andrew Butler of South Carolina, who, along with Illinois Sen. Stephen A. Douglas, co-authored the Kansas-Nebraska Act. http://www.civilwar.org/education/teachers/lesson-plans/the-gathering-storm/the-gathering-storm-for.html

Circa 1936 Georgetown County, South Carolina." Security system visible in dormer. From comments: " the enormous poverty found throughout the south that resulted from the Civil War and finally came to an end in the late 60's has never really been documented or experienced by states above the Mason Dixon line. The south generally suffered 100 years of poverty as a result of the war."

Uniform Coat worn by Jospeh E. Adger (Charleston, SC), quartermaster and acting ordnance officer for the 25th South Carolina Volunteers, also known as the Eutaw Regiment. Charleston Museum.

Uniform Coat worn by Captain Thomas Pinckney (Charleston, SC), son of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney of Revolutionary War fame. Served in the St. James Mounted Riflemen which was later incorporated into the 4th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry. Captured at Haw’s Shop, VA in May 1864, Pinckney was among the “Immortal 600,” a group of Confederate prisoners held in a crude stockade in front of Federal fortifications on Morris Island to discourage Confederate artillery fire. Charleston Museum.

Civil War beauty !

Uniform worn by Private Edward D. Robinson (Charleston, SC) of Captain G.H. Walter’s Company (Washington Artillery), South Carolina Artillery. The unit surrendered to Federal forces at Greensboro, NC on May 1, 1865. Charleston Museum.

After an extensive survey of the worlds leading public and private Confederate collections, the frock coat shown here has been determined to be the only known surviving circa 1860-1861 South Carolina Regular Army enlisted artillery man’s frock coat left in existence.

Casualty List of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment from the Assault on Fort Wagner, South Carolina. Known simply as “the 54th,” this regiment became famous after the heroic, but ill-fated, assault on Fort Wagner, South Carolina. Leading the direct assault under heavy fire, the 54th suffered enormous casualties before being forced to withdraw. The courage and sacrifice of the 54th helped to dispel doubt within the Union Army about the fighting ability of black soldiers.

South Carolina, CIvil War

April 1865. Charleston, South Carolina. "St. Philip's Church with ruins of Circular Church and Secession Hall." Casualties of the Great Fire of 1861. Wet plate glass negative by George N. Barnard.

South Carolina handbill of the "Ordinance of Secession."

Hollywood Cemetery - Richmond, Virginia

“I freed a thousand slaves. I could have freed a thousand more if only they knew they were slaves.” - Harriet Tubman

This picture was taken in Charleston, South Carolina at the close of the Civil War (1865). The house pictured is the O'Connor House

Beaufort, South Carolina. Several generations of a slave family, all born on the plantation of J.J. Smith. Taken in 1862 by Timothy O'Sullivan.

South Carolina Secession Banner

Brigadier General States Rights Gist (3 Sep1831 – 30 Nov 1864) was a lawyer, a militia general in South Carolina, who served during the American Civil War. A relative of several prominent South Carolinians, Gist rose to fame during the war but was killed before its end at the Battle of Franklin (1864) on 30 November 1864.

The Abandoned Babcock Building at the South Carolina Lunatic Asylum. More --> http://www.abandonedplaygrounds.com/the-abandoned-babcock-building-of-the-sc-lunatic-asylum/

Confederate General Robert E. Lee