Enigma Machine - Enigma Machine During World War II, the Germans used the Enigma, a cipher machine, to develop nearly unbreakable codes for sending messages. The Enigma's settings offered 150,000,000,000,000,000,000 possible solutions, yet the Allies were eventually able to crack its code. By end of the war, 10 percent of all German Enigma communications were decoded at Bletchley Park, in England, on the world’s first electromagnetic computers.
Natalya Fyodorovna Meklin (born Kravtsova) -1922–2005 - was a much decorated World War II combat pilot in one of the three women-only Soviet air regiments. They were nicknamed the 'Night Witches' by their German opponents. Born in the Ukraine, in 1940 she joined the glider school at the Kiev Young Pioneer Palace. In 1942 when she was 19, she joined the Night Witches, piloting a Polikarpov Po-2 light bomber, and by the end of the war had flown 980 night missions.
Nov. 12, 1939: This photo, published shortly after the start of the Second World War, ran with this caption: “The Winged Victory of Samothrace, another great achievement of the ancient Greek sculptors, packed for removal in accordance with plans for its protection formulated far in advance of the war.” A 2009 exhibition at the Louvre showed photos documenting how art was relocated for safety during wartime. Photo: The New York Times