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Mammatus clouds are an intriguing enigma of atmospheric fluid dynamics cloud physics. They’re most commonly observed beneath anvil-shaped thunderclouds. They are formed when ice crystals fall from the cumulonimbus cloud’s anvil. “The ice crystals sublimate, or change from ice to water vapour as they fall, causing the surrounding air to thermodynamically cool. The cooled air becomes negatively buoyant and begins to sink, producing the punched-out look indicative of the mammatus cloud.
Strange and unusual cloud formations - Mammatus clouds have been seen in many places, especially tornado-prone ones like the Midwestern United States. They are frequently found on the bottom of thunderstorm anvils and indicate large water droplets and heavy rain.
Mammatus sunrise cloud formation - Georgia. "Georgia is the location for this almost terrifying Mammatus sunrise. The deep red and yellow was likened to the inside of a volcano, and the fast moving clouds swept along a giant flock of buzzards on their thermals. Apocalyptic indeed." Written by: Karl Fabricius