Rothacker Childs Smith State of Birth: NY Home State: AL, Male, Black or African American War or Conflict: World War, 1939-1945 Status: Veteran Dates of Service: 1943-1945 EOS: Drafted Branch of Service: Army Unit of Service: 366th Infantry Regiment Location of Service: Southern Italy Prisoner of War: Yes Service History Note: Veteran served as a medic with an all Black infantry regiment. In 7/1944, the regiment was attached to the 92nd Division, and engaged in combat for the first time.

Over the years Eartha White operated a department store, a taxi service, and a steam laundry, and was licensed as a real estate broker, a census taker and a social worker. Known as the Angel of Mercy for her lifetime of humanitarian and civic service, Eartha White served the sick during the Spanish American War, was the only woman member of a sixty-member inter-racial War Camp Community Service Conference during World War I, served as a member of President Wilson's White House Conference, an...

Little African American black girl

Eugene Bullard: Acknowledged first African American military pilot, although he flew for the French flying service not the US Air Service. An American expatriate to France, Bullard was a hero of the Battle of Verdun before he began to fly for the French.

African American Children by Black History Album, via Flickr

Young African American Girl by Black History Album, via Flickr

African American Children by Black History Album, via Flickr c 1910

Macon Allen was the first African American to graduate was the first African American licensed to practice law in the United States, in Maine in 1844. He is also believed to be the first to hold a judicial position.

black soldiers stationed in france during world war II

William Matthews was so enthusiastic about the new First Kansas Colored Volunteer Infantry in 1862 that he was one of the first to volunteer. Matthews’ enthusiasm spread and he convinced a number of exslaves to enlist in the regiment. The Leavenworth businessman soon was appointed captain, the highest ranking African American officer in the regiment.

Vintage photo of an unknown African American man and woman.

African American c.1890

Jacob Lawrence- Influential African American artist known for his "Migration" series

Many Native Americans welcomed African Americans into their villages. Even as slaves many African Americans became part of a family group, and many intermarried with Native Americans - thus many later became classified as Black Indians

“Stagecoach” Mary Fields (c. 1832-1914) was born a slave in Tennessee and following the Civil War, she moved to the pioneer community of Cascade, Montana. In 1895, when she was around 60 years old, Fields became the second woman and first African American carrier for the US Postal Service. Despite her age, she never missed a day of work in the ten years she carried the mail and earned the nickname “Stagecoach” for her reliability. Fields loved the job, despite the many...

Believed to have served in a USCT regiment organized in Kentucky.

Poster honoring Pearl Harbor hero, Doris "Dorie" Miller (October 12, 1919 – November 24, 1943) was a cook in the United States Navy noted for his bravery during the attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. He was the first African American to be awarded the Navy Cross.

1945 the late Alberta Martin, of Mount Airy (Philadelphia), African American nurse and World War II veteran.

Isaac Woodard Jr., African American World War 2 veteran decorated for courage under fire during service in the Pacific, is beaten by South Carolina police until he’s blind. He was declined the use of a toilet in South Carolina.

John Lewis Wilson was the only black person appointed to a team of seven architects to design the Harlem River Houses in New York. Wilson came from a prominent Mississippi family. He was the first black student to attend Columbia University’s School of Architecture in 1923. Source: Blacks Firsts: Groundbreaking Events in African American History

Saint Elmo Brady (December 22, 1884 - December 25, 1966) was the first African American to obtain a Ph.D. degree in chemistry in the United States, which he earned in 1916 from the University of Illinois. He taught at Tuskegee, Fisk, Howard and Tougaloo, and was the first African American admitted to Phi Lambda Upsilon, the chemistry honor society. #TodayInBlackHistory