Giving students the language for participation is so important. Providing an anchor chart with alternatives to "I don't know!" gives them an opportunity for success, rather than to feel like they have failed.
TTS RANDOM NAME SELECTOR: This is simple way to call on students when no one is volunteering! Kinda like popsicle sticks, but much more techy! Random Name Selector--kids loved it last year! Also has "group" setting. Will work on an iPad too!
During communicative activities, punch holes in the papers of students that are off task or not in the target language. Easy to keep track of participation when you collect the papers! Or spin it so a hole punch is positive.
This is a very clear and concise way to lay out what students should think about before they post or send anything on social media. It's a great reminder for them about social media etiquette and internet safety!