Pequot War (1636-1637) though the major engagements of the Pequot War took place within a two-year span, the conflict had much earlier roots. After years of confrontations over land, trade, and livestock, the Connecticut Colony formally declared war on the Pequot and their allies on May 1, 1637. At the time of the war, the Pequot resided in what is now southeastern Connecticut. Read more: http://connecticuthistory.org/topics-page/pequot-war/#
1675-1678- King Philip's War splits the Wampanoag people into those opposing & supporting the new English colonists. Metacomet (known to the English as "King Philip") is supported by his wife's sister, Weetamoo, chief of the Pocasset tribe, against the English. After defeat, their tribes will be nearly exterminated; Metacomet's heir & wife will be sold into slavery in the Caribbean. On the other side is Awashonks, chief of the Sakonnet Wampanoag, one of the few to receive amnesty.
Fidelia Hoscott Fielding (1827–1908) is considered the last speaker and preserver of the Mohegan Pequot language. She and her grandmother, Martha Uncas, conversed in their native dialect. Four diaries she left are now preserved and used in the reconstruction of the Mohegan and other related Indian languages. Fidelia called herself Dji'ts Bud dnaca, meaning "Flying Bird."
King Philip's War, sometimes called the First Indian War, Metacom's War, Metacomet's War, or Metacom's Rebellion, was an armed conflict between Native American inhabitants of present-day southern New England and English colonists and their Native American allies in 1675–76. The war was the single greatest calamity to occur in seventeenth-century Puritan New England.
Helen Fairchild was a nurse from Pennsylvania who staffed a unit at the Western front at Passchendaele in Belgium. She died after surgery on a gastric ulcer due to the effect of mustard gas in January 1918.