Castile and Aragon established regional monarchies after 1400, and were united through royal marriage in 1469. They believed that they had a mission to convert or expel Muslims and Jews to maintain doctrinal purity. This is a map that shows the Castile land and Aragon lands.
Penshurst Place, Kent - the huge medieval Baron's Hall. This is where Anne of Cleves lived after annulment from her marriage to King Henry VIII. The original medieval house is one of the most complete examples of 14th-century domestic architecture in England surviving in its original location.
Maps website of the Ottoman rule -Early on it was quite small. Then the Ottomans got a lot more land after Mehmed II. After Suleyman II, their land went all the way to Saudi Arabia and took it all. Then they lost most of Saudi Arabia. Then their land went all the way back and into Turkey. Then it went all the way into Europe and almost into Italy and on the top of Africa. The during Mahmud II they went to retreat again. In the end they were smaller than Hungary.