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Castile and Aragon established regional monarchies after 1400, and were united through royal marriage in 1469. They believed that they had a mission to convert or expel Muslims and Jews to maintain doctrinal purity. This is a map that shows the Castile land and Aragon lands.

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Revealed: Signed by 81 noblemen, the threatening letter sent to a Pope 'asking' him to annul Henry VIII's first marriage

Letter sent to Pope Clement VII by Henry VIII (and the 81 noblemen whose seals are affixed) to dissolve his marriage to Katherine of Aragon, 1530

Penshurst Place, Kent - the huge medieval Baron's Hall. This is where Anne of Cleves lived after annulment from her marriage to King Henry VIII. The original medieval house is one of the most complete examples of 14th-century domestic architecture in England surviving in its original location.

Maps website of the Ottoman rule -Early on it was quite small. Then the Ottomans got a lot more land after Mehmed II. After Suleyman II, their land went all the way to Saudi Arabia and took it all. Then they lost most of Saudi Arabia. Then their land went all the way back and into Turkey. Then it went all the way into Europe and almost into Italy and on the top of Africa. The during Mahmud II they went to retreat again. In the end they were smaller than Hungary.

A document bearing the signature ‘Anne the Quenen’, written by Anne of Cleves during her short time as Queen of England

Queen Mary I of England and her husband Phillip II of Spain by the English School. The marriage took place 2 days after their meeting, on 25 Jul the day of St. James- patron saint of Spain.

QUIZ QUESTIONS: 1. What accounts for the relative rise of the West? 2. What was the nature of early Western exploration and colonial patterns? 3. Summarize the transitions taking place in world history ca. 1400.

The Black Death, 1348 - Note basic information about the Black Death. Discuss reactions to this disaster. What was the effect of the Black Death on the social order of Europe? -There were 3 kinds, all of which you were pretty much guaranteed to die. 25-50% fell to it.Some would form small communities to keep the plagued away, while others would just walk around and feel sorry for the ill.Many abandoned the cities that they lived in.Women lost their morals, and no one really cared…

History's Turning Points - AD 1453 Siege of Constantinople ~Write a summary discussing the political,religious,military, economic and social aspects of Constantinople at this time. -Military-There were cannons in which blew down walls.Constantinople was surrounded by Ottoman Turks. Muslims were trying to siege Constantinople.Center of Orthodox Christian church. Economic-Bankrupt and void of loyal people. Social-Rulers were well educated.People of Constantinople were prepared for the…

A rationalist philosopher like Ibn-Rushd in Spain was more influential in Europe than Muslims. Sufis continued their mystical contacts with god. http://www.trincoll.edu/depts/phil/philo/phils/muslim/rushd.html This is a site all about Ibn-Rushd and his life as well as what he did.