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    Castile and Aragon established regional monarchies after 1400, and were united through royal marriage in 1469. They believed that they had a mission to convert or expel Muslims and Jews to maintain doctrinal purity. This is a map that shows the Castile land and Aragon lands.

    Letter sent to Pope Clement VII by Henry VIII (and the 81 noblemen whose seals are affixed) to dissolve his marriage to Katherine of Aragon, 1530

    Penshurst Place, Kent - the huge medieval Baron's Hall. This is where Anne of Cleves lived after annulment from her marriage to King Henry VIII. The original medieval house is one of the most complete examples of 14th-century domestic architecture in England surviving in its original location.

    Anne of Cleves

    Wax figure of Anne of Cleves

    Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Gloucester (1901-2004) née The Lady Alice Montagu Douglas Scott

    Her Royal Highness The Landgravine of Hesse (1902-1944) née Her Royal Highness Princess Mafalda of Savoy

    Count Charles Alexander von Faber-Castell married Melisa Eliyesil at the Martin-Luther-Church at Stein, Germany on 26 May 2012

    Maria, Queen of Hungary, Niece of Catherine of Aragon. She was daughter to Philip I of Castile "The Handsome" and Joanna "The Mad" of Castile. Maria, Queen of Hungary, Niece of Catherine of Aragon She was born in Brussels to Philip I of Castile ("the Handsome") and Joanna "The Mad" of Castile. Her paternal grandparents were Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and his first wife Mary of Burgundy. Her maternal grandparents were Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella of Castile.

    History's Turning Points - AD 1453 Siege of Constantinople ~Write a summary discussing the political,religious,military, economic and social aspects of Constantinople at this time. -Military-There were cannons in which blew down walls.Constantinople was surrounded by Ottoman Turks. Muslims were trying to siege Constantinople.Center of Orthodox Christian church. Economic-Bankrupt and void of loyal people. Social-Rulers were well educated.People of Constantinople were prepared for the battles.

    Katherine of Aragon on a cigarette card.

    Catherine of Aragon, Queen of England

    From 1100 peasants became serfs agriculture productivity fell. Tax revenues decreased. Middle eastern merchants lost ground to European ones. Islamic decline was gradual. Ottomans were beginning to build on of the most powerful empires. Go to page 498-499 and it describes the muslim's trade and how it built up.

    The needlework of Catherine of Aragon at Coughton Court

    Queen Joanna of Castile, sister to Catherine of Aragon, first wife of Henry VIII., wearing a Round Hood which was similar to the early French Hood.

    Eleanor, Queen of Portugal and France, Niece of Catherine of Aragon

    Cousins through Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (Norway, Denmark, & Sweden)

    Pss Gabrielle of Bavaria, the day of her wedding with Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria.

    Prince Henry of Portugal (pictured) reflected many of the key factors then stimulating European expansion. Land grants were given to colonists who brought Western plants, animals, and diseases. Slaves were introduced for crop cultivation.

    Both Aztec and Inca empires experienced difficulties after 1400. Aztec exploitation of their subject peoples roused resentment and created opportunities for outside intervention. Inca system created tensions between central and local leadership

    Maps website of the Ottoman rule -Early on it was quite small. Then the Ottomans got a lot more land after Mehmed II. After Suleyman II, their land went all the way to Saudi Arabia and took it all. Then they lost most of Saudi Arabia. Then their land went all the way back and into Turkey. Then it went all the way into Europe and almost into Italy and on the top of Africa. The during Mahmud II they went to retreat again. In the end they were smaller than Hungary.