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  • Ilda Martins

    Desfile da escola de samba Grande Rio, na Marquês de Sapucaí, com o enredo Eu Acredito em Você! E Você?

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Section of the Imperatriz Leopoldinense school of samba - Ala das baianas da Escola Imperatriz Leopoldinense 2008

Portela leva o amor para a Sapucaí

Don't Rain On My Parade by Dan Bevis

Carnaval 2012 - Escola Beija-Flor de Nilópolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Have fun safely!

The big Brazilian surdo drum is the the heart of the samba drum orchestra (bateria). It is responsible for holding the beat, and all of the other samba drums have to be able to hear it to keep in time. In Brazil the surdo is also called the Marcacao- the marker- because it marks the beat.

"This whistle is used in Bahia-Brazil. Typically it is played for the calls to carnivals and between players within the samba drums, Built on a single piece of wood."

A musician of Uniao da Ilha samba school performs while parading at the Sambadrome on Monday, March 7, 2011.

Members of Salgueiro samba school parade on a float during carnival celebrations at the Sambadrome in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on Tuesday, March 8, 2011. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

Grande Rio samba school members performs while parading during carnival celebrations at the Sambadrome in Rio de Janeiro on Tuesday, March 8, 2011.

Dancers of Uniao da Ilha samba school parade on a float during carnival celebrations at the Sambadrome in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Monday, March 7, 2011.

Revellers of the Unidos da Tijuca samba school participate in the annual Carnival parade in Rio de Janeiro's Sambadrome March 6, 2011.

Children revellers of Nene de Vila Matilde samba school get ready at a concentration area before the start of the second night of Carnival parades at the Sambadrome, in Sao Paulo, Brazil, late on March 5, 2011.

The King of the Nice Carnival 2011's float parades during the 127th edition of the Nice Carnival, Saturday, Feb. 19, 2011, in Nice, southern France.

A girl has makeup applied during carnival celebrations in Galapa, Colombia, Sunday March 6, 2011.

Dancers perform during carnival celebrations in Oruro, western Bolivia, Saturday, March 5, 2011.

Carnival masks in the likeness of Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi sit on a table at a mask making factory in Sao Goncalo, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil, Friday Feb. 18, 2011.

An entertainer dressed as a harlequin performs during a parade at the Barranquilla's carnival in Colombia March 5, 2011.

Naomi Cabrera Pulido, wearing a creation called "A hundred years of history" by Spanish designer Leo Martinez, reacts after being crowned queen in the annual carnival queen election gala at Santa Cruz de Tenerife, on the Spanish Canary Island of Tenerife, March 2, 2011.

apanese Brazilians brings some clarity as to why the Asakusa Samba Carnival exists in the first place. A large number of Japanese reside in Brazil. In fact, Brazil has the largest Japanese population outside of Japan. Migration to Brazil started in the early 20th Century with farmers looking for better conditions abroad. A number of them inter-married with Brazilians and converted to Catholicism.

Close to 4000 people participate in the Samba parade every year. The majority of the participants are Japanese but there are also a number of foreigners who participate most notably Brazilians and Japanese Brazilians.

Asakusa’s Samba Carnival began in 1981. The mayor of the district at that time wanted the winners of the Rio de Janeiro Carnival to put on a display in Asakusa. It was so popular that the untraditional event became a tradition. Today the festival has become a four-hour long parade of samba groups from all over Japan.

The Montevideo Carnaval of Uruguay is one of the most popular carnivals in South America, and is a highly reputable and fun affair.

UNT Percussion "Ensembles Escolas de Samba, or "Samba Schools," are part of the tradition of the Brazilian Carnival street parades. Every year, these ensembles, which number in the thousands, are formed from various members of different communities and take to the streets during the Carnival celebration. One ensemble alone can have as many as 600 percussionists and up to 4000 dancers. The style of Samba that these ensembles perform is called Batacuda."

Bahia in north-eastern Brazil.