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Opened in 1856, this smallpox hospital on the southern tip of Blackwell's Island (now Roosevelt Island) was part of a multitude of public institutions to care for New York City's unfortunate and destitute. The island sits between Queens and Manhattan, and was easily accessible by ferry; it was home to a prison, insane asylum, and other similar facilities.As of 1872, an annual number of 7,000 patients were treated, with an average of 450 deaths. The island was renamed Welfare Island in 1921,...
North Brother Island - East River - New York
Abandoned Smallpox Hospital is located on Roosevelt Island, a narrow island, in the East River of New York City. The Smallpox Hospital will be known as "Renwick Ruins" or "Renwick Smallpox Hospital". Roosevelt Island was known as the Welfare Island from 1921 to 1973.