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Opened in 1856, this smallpox hospital on the southern tip of Blackwell's Island (now Roosevelt Island) was part of a multitude of public institutions to care for New York City's unfortunate and destitute. The island sits between Queens and Manhattan, and was easily accessible by ferry; it was home to a prison, insane asylum, and other similar facilities.As of 1872, an annual number of 7,000 patients were treated, with an average of 450 deaths. The island was renamed Welfare Island in 1921,...

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Renwick Smallpox Hospital on Welfare Island; Renamed Roosevelt Island in 1973. Abandoned in 1962; preservation effort was attempted in 1975 but failed and the building was left to collapse and decay. (©2004 opacity.us)

Abandoned Smallpox Hospital is located on Roosevelt Island, a narrow island, in the East River of New York City. The Smallpox Hospital will be known as "Renwick Ruins" or "Renwick Smallpox Hospital". Roosevelt Island was known as the Welfare Island from 1921 to 1973.

Welfare Island Insane Asylum

Interesting read about an abandoned institution in NYC