A West Berlin police officer stands in front of the concrete wall dividing East and West Berlin at Bernauer Strasse as East Berlin workers add blocks to increase the height of the East German barrier Oct. 7, 1961.
Construction of the Berlin Wall, 1961; East German construction workers, supervised by border guards, building the Berlin Wall. During the Cold War, the physical barrier of the Berlin Wall came to symbolise the ideological divisions between Communist Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies and the western democracies of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation).
Edmund Ruffin fired the first shot at Fort Sumter, officially kicking off the Civil War. With Lee's Surrender at Appomattox, Ruffin committed Suicide, Shooting himself in the head. Hence, he is often associated with shooting the first and last shots of the Civil War. Picture ca. 1860-65