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Lili'uokalani, before she became Hawaii's last queen, in a portrait from the 1870s.
Queen Lili’uokalani, the last reigning monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii. She became queen of Hawaii in 1891 after her brother died. Lili'uokalani was also a prolific writer and wrote over 160 poetic melodies and chants. Her song, “Aloha Oe,” became one of Hawaii’s National Anthems. She tried to protect her people from an American take over but was arrested and deposed.