Reading Adrianna E. Bakos, "'Qui nescit dissimulare, nescit regnare': Louis XI and Raison d'état" in "Journal of the History of Ideas" Vol. 52, No. 3 (July-September, 1991) pp. 399-416 Louis XI (1423–1483), called "the Prudent" Roi De, Louis Xi, King Louis, De France, Fathers, Portraits, French History, Brooklyn Museums, 15Th Century
Louis XVI, Roi de France (copie d'après J.S. Duplessis)
Louis XIV (1638-1715; reigned 1643-1715) “The Grand Monarch” detested the mobs of Paris and Paris itself. He moved his capital to Versailles in the 1680s. He sponsored economic reconstruction, but his wars across Europe eventually brought France to near ruin. He did little to quell the unrest that was building among the people. Louis married a Spanish princess, Marie Thérèse, in 1660. Known as the “Sun King” because he was the center of the social and political life of the French state.
Margaret of Anjou...wife of Henry VI ,led the kingdom in his period of insanity,and tolerated all the crisis with great patience during the wars of the roses ..