Louis XI (1423-1461-1483) Roi de France

Henry III was a monarch of the House of Valois who was elected the monarch of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1573 to 1575 and ruled as King of France from 1574 until his death. He was the last French monarch of the Valois dynasty.

On August 24, 1572, King Charles IV of France, under the influence of his mother, Catherine de Medici, ordered the assassination of Huguenot leaders in Paris. In what became known as the Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, thousands of French Huguenots were killed in just a few days.

Philippe II Auguste (21/08/1165 Paris - 14/07/1223 Mantes-la-Jolie) - Fils de Louis VII le Jeune - Dynastie des Capétiens

Portrait of Maria de' Medici (1575 – 1642) as a young girl. Queen of France and the second wife of King Henry IV of France

Louis XIII le Juste (1601-1643) - Louis succeeded his father Henri IV as king of France and Navarre a few months before his ninth birthday. His mother, Marie de Medicis, acted as regent during his minority. Louis XIII relied heavily on his chief minister Cardinal de Richelieu to govern the kingdom of France. On 24 November 1615, Louis XIII married Anne of Austria, daughter of Philip III of Spain.

A full length portrait of Claude, Queen consort of King Francis I. of France (reigned 1515–47), and Duchess of Brittany, the daughter of the French king Louis XII. and Anne of Brittany.

Louis IX the Saint (Saint Louis) 8 November 1226 25 August 1270 • Son of Louis VIII King of France (Roi de France)

Phillip II of France was coronated in 1179 and was a major figure in the Third Crusade. During his reign, he faced fierce opposition by the House of Champagne. Possibly in response to an appeal by the House, Henry II of England came to Normandy in 1180. At Gisors on June 28th, Phillip II and Henry II renewed an understanding that Louis VII had reached with him in 1177. As a result, the House of Champagne was politically isolated and Phillip II became sole ruler of France.

Louis VI, the Fat (1081 - 1137). King of the Franks from 1108 to 1137. He married Lucienne de Rochefort, but the marriage was annulled in 1107. He then married Adelaide de Maurienne and had eight children. Before his death he was named guardian of Eleanor of Aquitaine, whom he betrothed to his son.

Marie de Bourgogne,Duchesse de Bourgogne (1457-1452),daughter of Charles the Bold,Duke of Burgundy from the House of Valois-Burgundy and Isabella de Bourbon

Henri IV (roi de France) avec son épouse Marie de Médicis et leurs enfants

King Louis XVIII returned from exile following Napoleon's exile and re-established the French monarchy.

Henry IV (13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610),also known by the epithet "Good King Henry",King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610.He was the first French monarch of the House of Bourbon.Baptised as a Catholic but raised in the Protestant faith by his mother Jeanne d'Albret,Queen of Navarre, he inherited the throne of Navarre in 1572 on the death of his mother. As a Huguenot, Henry was involved in the French Wars of Religion...

Blanche of Castile (Blanca de Castilla in Spanish; 4 March 1188 – 27 November 1252), was a Queen consort of France as the wife of Louis VIII. She acted as regent twice during the reign of her son, Louis IX. She was born in Palencia, Spain, 1188, the third daughter of Alfonso VIII, king of Castile, and Eleanor of England. Eleanor was a daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine.

Louis XI - was the archenemy of Edward IV. Known as the universal spider, he had legions of spies across Europe. After he pulled his son, the dauphin, out of an agreement to marry Edward's eldest daughter, Elizabeth of York, a furious Edward swore war but died before he could launch it.

Memorial to Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette ~ by E. Gaulle & P. Petitot - St Denis Basilica, burial place of nearly every French king from 10th-18th c. During the Revolution, bodies were removed, dumped in large pits & dissolved with lime (Marie & Louis had been buried at La Madeleine). In 1815 meager remains of Louis & Marie (reputedly) were returned. In 1817 the mass graves were opened & co-mingled remains placed in an ossuary in St. Denis - marble plates list the 100s of names. [1st of 2 pin...

Louis Ferdinand (1729-1765), Dauphin of France, was the son of King Louis XV. He died at the age of 36 while his father was still alive, thus never becoming king himself. He was the father of three kings of France, Louis XVI, XVIII, and Charles X.