Walter Adolph Georg Gropius (1883-1969). German architect and founder of the Bauhaus School, who, along with Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and Wright, is regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture. Is remembered not only by his various buildings but also by the district of Gropiusstadt in Berlin. He married Alma Mahler, widow of Gustav Mahler. Walter and Alma's daughter, Manon, died of polio at age 18. They divorced in 1920.
Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho, known as Oscar Niemeyer, was a Brazilian architect who is considered to be one of the key figures in the development of modern architecture. Born: December 15, 1907, Rio de Janeiro Died: December 5, 2012, Rio de Janeiro Books: The curves of time Awards: Pritzker Prize, Royal Gold Medal Spouse: Vera Lucia Cabreira (m. 2006), Annita Baldo (m. 1928–2004)