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Dr. Mary Edwards Walker - feminist, abolitionist, alleged spy, surgeon and only female recipient of the Congressional Medal of Honor for hardship endured as a prisoner of war. Photo by Elliott and Fry of 55, Baker Street, London - c1870s

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After 65 years in the shadows, the Indian heroine of Churchill's elite SOE spy network is to be recognised with a statue in London

Noor Inayat Khan was a direct descendant of Tipu Sultan. Despite carrying a passport of an imperial subject, Khan had no loyalty to Britain. But she and her brother Vilayat despised the greater evil of Nazi Germany. Trained as a WAF wireless operator, she was parachuted at night into occupied France with the instructions "Set Europe ablaze." She ran a network of spies in Paris. When finally captured by the Gestapo, for ten months she was held in solitary in shackles, interrogated about SOE…

Lucy Stone - determined that men were reading the Bible in a way to suppress women, she worked her way through school to learn Greek and Latin to prove them wrong. Kept her last name, chopped her hair off, scandalously wore precursors to pants, was kicked out of church for arguing that women had the right to own property and to be able to divorce abusive alcoholic husbands. Considered a true radical for her time, she spoke in public frequently and headed multiple prominent womens…

Mary Surratt, 42, proprietor of a Maryland tavern and a Washington boarding house that served as meeting places and safe houses for Confederate spies and couriers. She was found guilty for her part in Lincoln's assassination. Pictured: Mary Surratt, the first woman ever put to death by the Federal Government.

"Rhineland Bastard" was a derogatory term used in Nazi Germany to describe Afro-German children of mixed German and African parentage, who were fathered by Africans serving as French colonial troops occupying the Rhineland after World War I. Under Nazism's racial theories, these children were considered inferior to "pure Aryans" and consigned to compulsory sterilization.

Harriet Jacobs: Escaped slave, author, abolitionist, Civil War relief worker, reformer. Friends later convinced her to write an account of her life as a slave. The book, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, was one of the first open discussions about the sexual harassment and abuse endured by slave women -- a topic that even made many abolitionists uncomfortable.