Menelek II King of Kings of Abyssinia (1844-1913)Dow Miller (1933-1993) Menelek joined together several independent kingdoms that were often at odds with each other into one strong stable empire known as the United States of Abyssinia (Ethiopia). A stunning victory over Italy in the Battle of Adwa in defense of his own country placed him among the great world leaders in history.
H is for History. Italy took control of Libya in 1912. When World War II began, Italy went to go fight on Germany's side, and the British took control, in 1943. By 1947 Italy gave up all claim on Libya. Then in 1949, the UN decided Libya should be an independent country, and had a constitution made. Libya was declared independent on December 1, 1951 by King Idris.