William Hogarth - A Rake's Progress - Plate 8 - In The Madhouse-Finally insane and violent, in he ends his days in Bethlehem Hospital (Bedlam). Only Sarah Young is there to comfort him, but Rakewell continues to ignore her. Fashionably dressed women in this last painting have come to the asylum as a social occasion, to be entertained by the antics of the inmates.
The famous mental hospital of St Bethlehem's or "Bedlam" occupied three different sites in London before closing its doors in 1930 – on the site of Liverpool Street Station, in Moorfields, and in the building that is now the Imperial War Musuem (pictured). Much of the hospital's income was derived from letting visitors view the patients. In the 1800s, a local pub even built a balcony so drinkers could stare into the hospital's garden.