Visby, Gotland Sweden's best-known labyrinth is situated immediately north of the old town of Visby. It has 12 walls and the entrance is orientated to the NW. The oldest written record of this labyrinth is on a map of 1740-41. Labyrinth at Visby. Photo: Jeff Saward, 1998
Folhammar, Gotland, Sweden- Throughout the Nordic countries of Sweden, Norway and Finland, beyond the arctic circle to 71º N. and particularly around the shorelines of the Baltic Sea, stones and boulders were used to mark out the walls of the labyrinth. Over 500 examples are recorded. Stone labyrinths are also known from Iceland, Arctic Russia and Estonia; all of these outlying groups have probably originated from Nordic settlers or trading contacts.
Julian's Bower, Lincolnshire, UK is a unicursal turf maze or labyrinth. It is thought that it was constructed in Roman times as part of a game but some people think that it was cut out by monks in the 12th century. It was used by the Medieval Church for some sort of penitential purpose and only reverted to it's former use as an amusement or diversion after the Reformation
There are only 8 remaining ancient turf labyrinths in Britain. "The City of Troy" labyrinth found near Dalby in North Yorkshire. A classic 7 circuit cretan design. According to Robert Field in "Mazes, Ancient and Modern", local tradition says it is unlucky to run the labyrinth more than 9 times. In Welsh Caerdroia means "city of Troy" and Caer y troiau means "city of turns". This blog is great for anyone interested in labyrinths..EARTHWORKS: INTO THE LABYRINTH