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Dr. Patricia Era Bath is an African American and Native American ophthalmologist, inventor of the Laserphaco Probe. Bath is the first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Her Laserphaco Probe is used to treat cataracts.

Bath is the first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Her Laserphaco Probe is used to treat cataracts. The holder of four patents, she is also the founder of the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness in Washington D.C. Patricia Era Bath, born November 4,1942, Harlem, New York, attended Howard University College of Medicine where she received her doctoral degree in 1968. While there she was president of the Student National Medical Association.

Thomas Jennings was the first African American to receive a patent, on March 3, 1821. His patent was for a dry-cleaning process called “dry scouring”. The first money Thomas Jennings earned from his patent was spent on the legal fees necessary to liberate his family out of slavery and support the abolitionist cause.

Sarah Goode was the first African American woman to receive a US patent. Learn more about her and other African American inventors at About.com

Susie King Taylor: first African American army nurse; the only African American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences; also the first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves in Georgia.

Meet Josephine Holloway, one of the first African American Girl Scout troop leaders who lobbied for the Girl Scouts to include African Americans.

wow!! African American Couple Headed Out On the Town, 1930's An African American couple strike a pose in front of a winter landscape background. James Van Der Zee, photographer.

Young African American Woman c.1920s

Dr. Eliza Ann Grier was the first African American woman licensed to practice medicine in Georgia. [b. ? - d. 1902]

Macon Allen was the first African American to graduate was the first African American licensed to practice law in the United States, in Maine in 1844. He is also believed to be the first to hold a judicial position.

MARY EDMONIA LEWIS 1845-1911 WAS THE FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN WOMAN TO GAIN FAME AND RECOGNITION AS A SCULPTOR IN THE INTERNATIONAL FINE ARTS WORLD SHE WAS OF AFRICAN AMERICAN #HAITIAN AND OJIBWE DESCENT

Jacob Lawrence- Influential African American artist known for his "Migration" series