Patricia Bath, M.D., Ophthalmologist, inventor of the Laserphaco Probe for the treatment of cataracts. Born in Harlem New York in 1942, Bath holds a bachelor's degree from Hunter College and an M.D. from Howard University. She is a co-founder of the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness.
Thomas Fuller; African slave and mathematician 1710-1790. | In most discussions of people with extraordinary powers of mental calculation, there is some mention of Thomas Fuller, an African, shipped to America in 1724 as a slave at the age of 14. He was born in 1710 Africa somewhere between present day Liberia and Benin. Late in his life his remarkable powers of calculation made him a tool of abolitionists due demonstrate blacks are not mentally inferior to whites. [Read more...]
Though Thomas Edison is recognized as the inventor of the light bulb, African-American inventor Lewis Latimer played an important role in its development. In 1881, Latimer patented a method for making carbon filaments, allowing light bulbs to burn for hours instead of minutes. Latimer also drafted the drawings that helped Alexander Graham Bell receive a patent for the telephone.
In January 2006, Ms. Bashen became the first African American female to hold a patent for a software invention. The patented software, LinkLine, is a web-based application for EEO claims intake and tracking, claims management, document management and numerous reports. Bashen will soon release the federal sector counterpart, EEOFedSoft, MD715Link and the web-based AAPSoft for building Affirmative Action Plans
Jane Bolin was the first black woman to graduate from Yale Law School, and in 1939, she made headlines when the New York mayor appointed her to the Domestic Relations Court, making her the first black female judge in the U.S.
Born in 1850 as a slave. Sarah E. Goode was the first African American woman to receive a patent in the United States. Her invention of the cabinet bed was inspired by the environment she lived in where many people lived in small houses that did not have room for large pieces of furniture. When the bed was folded up it looked like a desk and it had storage areas as a desk.
Susie King Taylor: first African American army nurse; the only African American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences; also the first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves in Georgia.