Richard III (1452 - 1485) Richard was the last Yorkist king of England, whose death at the Battle of Bosworth effectively ended the Wars of the Roses. He has become infamous because of the disappearance of his young nephews - the Princes in the Tower - and through William Shakespeare's play 'Richard III'.
Lady Anne Neville, Queen Consort of Richard III (1456-1485). The young widow was an English noblewoman, the daughter of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick. She became Princess of Wales as the wife of Edward of Westminster. Her only son with Richard III died young and she herself died at the age of 28. She is the last Plantagenet queen.
The Tudor Rose: 22nd August 1485 – The Battle of Bosworth Field was won by the Lancastrians. Their leader Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, became the first English monarch of the Tudor dynasty by his victory and subsequent marriage to a Yorkist princess. His opponent Richard III, the last king of the House of York, was killed in the battle. Historians consider Bosworth Field to mark the end of the Plantagenet dynasty, making it one of the defining moments of English and Welsh history.
King Richard III (1483 - 1485) The son of Richard, Duke of York, He distinguished himself in the Wars of the Roses. On Edward's death 1483 he became protector to his nephew Edward V, and secured the crown for himself on the plea that Edward IV's sons were illegitimate. He proved a capable ruler, but the suspicion that he murdered Edward V undermined his popularity. In 1485 Henry, Earl of Richmond (later Henry VII), raised a rebellion, and Richard III was defeated and killed at Bosworth.
Edward IV on his throne, wearing the order of the Golden Fleece, receiving the book from Jean Waurin. Richard III is second from the left. This image is from Royal 15 EIV, fo.14 in British library. Copyright free. Title Anciennes et nouvelles chroniques d'Angleterre, volume 1 Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges) Date after 1471, before 1483, Note the background detail of the court.
Margaret of Anjou, 23.III.1430 – 25.VIII.1482 - Margaret was the wife of King Henry VI of England. As such, she was Queen consort of England from 1445 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471; and Queen consort of France from 1445 to 1453. Born in the Duchy of Lorraine, into the House of Valois-Anjou, Margaret was the second eldest daughter of René I of Naples and Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine.
Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scotland as wife of James I. She was present when her husband was assassinated in 1437, and was also a target. She was injured but managed to escape, assuming the regency for her young son, James II. She was the great, great grandmother of Mary, Queen of Scots. Joan was the half niece of Henry IV of England and a granddaughter of John of Gaunt & Katherine Swynford, the last Duke & Duchess of Lancaster