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Fort Brady, Virginia; Three officers of the 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery. 1864.

American Civil War: Union soldiers moving munitions after capturing Fort McAllister, Georgia, after more than a month spent on the March to the Sea, December, 1864.

Private William Henry Lord, a cavalryman, sits alert and ready for the next ride. CDV by George Wertz, Kansas City, Mo. A yet unmuddied enlistee from Bleeding Kansas, the last state to enter the Union before Fort Sumter, Lord was in the Eleventh Kansas Volunteer Cavalry; he was wounded in the shoulder in October 1864 but rejoined his company and was mustered out in September 1865.

Joseph Pierce enlisted on July 26, 1862 and was mustered into the Fourteenth Regiment, Company F of the Connecticut Volunteer Infantry that became part of the Second Brigade of the Third Division, Second Army Corps of the Army of the Potomac. From 1862 to 1865, Pierce survived some of the bloodiest battles of the war and is believed to have achieved the highest rank of any Chinese American to serve in the Union Army, having reached the rank of Corporal.

General William T. Sherman, leaning on breach of gun, and staff at Federal Fort No. 7. The picture shows War in the West. These photographs are of Sherman in Atlanta, September-November, 1864. After three and a half months of incessant maneuvering and much hard fighting, Sherman forced Hood to abandon the munitions center of the Confederacy. Sherman remained there, resting his war-worn men and accumulating supplies, for nearly two and a half months.

Even before blacks were officially recognized as federal soldiers, many slaves like Nick Biddle escaped and joined Union lines. In 1861, he wore a uniform, traveled with his employee’s company to Baltimore to help protect Washington, D.C., after the surrender of Fort Sumter. Once there, he was set upon by a pro-Confederate mob, attacked with slurs and a brick that hit him in the head so severely it exposed his skull. Some consider him the first man wounded in the Civil War.

A pup named Jack Brutus (photo Via The Smithsonian Institute) served as official mascot of Company K, First Connecticut Volunteer Infantry in the Civil War.

Edmund Ruffin fired the first shot at Fort Sumter, officially kicking off the Civil War. With Lee's Surrender at Appomattox, Ruffin committed Suicide, Shooting himself in the head. Hence, he is often associated with shooting the first and last shots of the Civil War. Picture ca. 1860-65

Confederate soldier, Bluford McDaniel from what is now Lamar County, Alabama. He was captured at Gettysburg in July 1863 and sent to Fort Delaware. When the war ended and he was paroled in June, 1865, he walked home to Alabama barefoot.