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prune roses just as or before new growth emerges from the canes (cut off the wood that died over the winter. this will promote strong, healthy shoots that will produce lots of blooms. it will also give plants a more open habit (?) which helps them resist diseases like black spot
Pruning Roses Treat climbers and old garden roses that bloom only once per year the same as other spring-blooming shrubs: Pruning after they finish blooming. Repeat bloomers, including hybrid teas, floribundas, grandifloras, miniatures, and modern shrub roses are pruned mostly to shape the plant or to remove winter-damaged canes. If they become overgrown, cut them back in early spring.