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Scythian Griffin holding a stag head in its beak Scythian Griffin holding a stag head in its beak. From Pazyryk, Russian Altai mountains, 4th century B.C. Saint Petersburg, State Hermitage Museum.

Overlay for a Wooden Vessel Gold; stamped. 7.1x5.6 cm Scythian culture. First half of the 5th century BC Barrow near Ak-Mechet Bay, Crimea, near Chernomorsk Russia (now Ukraine) State Hermitage Museum

End of the 7th century B.C. Shield emblem, Scythian, Northern Caucasus, Kostromskaia kurgan. Gold; D. 31.7 x 19 cm. The State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg.

An ancient map of the Mesopotamian world is apparently the oldest known map of the world (now exhibited in British Museum

Deer (terminal); Eastern Altai, Pazyryk Burial Mound 2 5th century BC Wood, leather H 11.5 cm Sculpted figure of a deer is set on a globe-shaped base. The head of the animal is crowned with large branched antlers cut out of leather. The antlers were originally gilded. Iron rods at the bottom of the base suggest that the figure would once have been attached to another structure, probably to a head-dress. Hermitage Museum

EMU MAN PERFORMS THE TOTEM MAGIC FOR EDIBLE BULBS With a head-dress representing the sacred totem of his group, this man is working magic that is to make emus abundant for the hunters of his tribe. From the Secret Museum of Man?

Ancient to Medieval Artfrom Ancient to Medieval Art

2575-2134 BCE – Old Kingdom Art

Ka-Aper, Egyptian Museum Cairo

Plaque: Deer Date: 5th century bc Place of finding: Kul Oba Barrow (excavations by P.A. Debrux, 1830) Archaeological site: Crimea, environs of Kerch Material: gold Technique: chased State Hermitage Museum

Mummy of Ramesses II (Ramesses or Ramses the Great 1303 BC - 1213 BC). His advanced age at death (over 90) is evident in his features.

the Guardianfrom the Guardian

Sugar skulls and sacrifice: Damien Hirst and Mexico's death culture – in pictures

skull, found in the state of Oaxaca, belongs to the Zapotec culture. Traces have been found of the civilisation that are up to 2,500 years old