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    Cleaves Illustrated Metropolitan Police Act, 1839

    Photos of Victorian London...Gypsies

    Manchester City Police 1880s by Greater Manchester Police

    Police work in the East End

    Sir Robert Peel 1788-1850 English politician became a Conservative MP Home Secretary and Prime Minister in 1841-46. He is remembered chiefly today for founding the Metropolitan Police Force to combat crime in London, For many years poiicemen were nicknamed Bobbies after him.

    Uniform of a 'Peeler' - the first British police force created by Sir Robert Peel in 1829


    "IS HE THE WHITECHAPEL MURDERER?" The Illustrated Police News etc (London, England), Saturday, September 22, 1888; Issue 1284

    Crimes reported in the Illustrated Police News, 1870

    Police Woman, 1918

    The Illustrated Police News

    Three female police officers, London, UK, 1919.

    "It's a fair cop" London Police. There are many suggestions about how the police force got its many nicknames. On the street the police were known as ’bobbies’ and ‘peelers’, which came from the name of their founder. ‘Coppers’ came from the bands of copper on their truncheons and the name ‘Old Bill’ was used because the policemen bore the symbol of the king – William IV.

    Gertrude Käsebier (1852–1934) was one of the most influential American photographers of the early 20th century. She was known for her evocative images of motherhood, her powerful portraits of Native Americans and her promotion of photography as a career for women.

    A Late Victorian London policeman just like Inspector Minahan

    Ignatius Sancho-The first African we know of to vote in a British election, he wrote a large number of letters which were collected and published in 1782, two years after his death. He was thought of in his age as "the extraordinary Negro", and to eighteenth-century opponents of the slave trade he became a symbol of the humanity of Africans.

    ca. 1890, [police force a woman to have her mugshot taken]

    City of London Police - 1914

    These types of business cards were given to men at train stations as they entered town to advertise houses of prostitution. These cards were in popular and open use until the 1930's. The women were called "Soiled Doves" in the Victorian era. During the Civil War there was such a huge epidemic of venereal disease that in one town the army quarantined "doves" on a river boat. BiddyCraft

    Tom Smith, a well known ‘Peeler’ (so called after Robert Peel, who reorganised the Police Force in 1829).

    For almost 70 years, Lucy Parsons fought for the rights of the poor and disenfranchised in the face of an increasingly oppressive industrial economic system. Her radical activism challenged the racist and sexist sentiment in a time when it was assumed that women were biologically determined to stay at home barefoot and pregnant. The Chicago police labeled her “more dangerous than a thousand rioters.”