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In 1947, Jackie Robinson put on number 42, and broke the color barrier in Major League Baseball.

Jackie Robinson before congress

Jackie Robinson - the first African-American to play in the major leagues, in 1947. He endured physical and verbal abuse on and off the field, showing remarkable courage, while helping pave the way for the civil rights movement. During and after his playing days, he joined picket lines and marches, wrote a newspaper column that attacked racism, and raised funds for the NAACP

Today, in honor Jackie Robinson, the first African American to play in the Major League, all players and coaches wore his number 42 instead of their own numbers. Robinson's number has been universally retired by all MLB teams. After the Yankees Mariano Rivera finally retires, the number 42 will only be worn on Jackie Robinson Day.

Jackie Robinson is the first african American of integration of major baseball

Jackie Robinson was the first African-American to play in modern MLB with Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947; batted more than .300 for 1949-1954; retired after 1956 season.

April 17, 1947 Jackie Robinson playing for the Brooklyn Dodgers performs a bunt for his 1st major league hit.