Cliveden House was built more than 300 years ago by the Duke of Buckinghamshire.The fame of Cliveden skyrocketed when it was purchased by William Waldorf Astor, in 1893 the richest man in America. Apparently, Queen Victoria was not well pleased. Astor gave it to his son and daughter-in-law, Waldorf and Nancy Astor, who turned it into one of the early 20th century's most important political salons.
Here's The Fascinating Origin Of Almost Every Jewish Last Name -- Ashkenazic Jews were among the last Europeans to take family names. Some German-speaking Jews took last names as early as the 17th century, but the overwhelming majority of Jews lived in Eastern Europe and did not take last names until compelled to do so. The process began in the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1787 and ended in Czarist Russia in 1844.