History Of Robots The term ‘robot’ derived from a czech word ‘robota’, meaning ‘drudgery’ or slave-like labor’. It was first used to describe fabricated workers in a fictional 1921 play by czech author Karel Capek entitled ‘rossum’s universal robots’. in the story, a scientist invents robots to help people by performing simple, repetitive tasks.
R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), a 1920 science fiction play in the Czech language by Karel Čapek. It premiered in 1921 and introduced the word "robot" to the English language and to science fiction as a whole.