December 23, 1954 – The first successful kidney transplant is performed by Joseph E. Murray, MD in Boston from one identical twin to his brother. Murray would later share the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his "[discovery] concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease".
Egyptian scientist Dr. "Mostafa Mosharafa" nicknamed (Arab Einstein), the greatest scientist in the whole history of Egyptian civilization. He was assassinated January 15, 1950. Einstein commented that:" Today, half of science has died".