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December 23, 1954 – The first successful kidney transplant is performed by Joseph E. Murray, MD in Boston from one identical twin to his brother. Murray would later share the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his "[discovery] concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease".

December 23, 1954 – The first successful kidney transplant is performed by Joseph E. Murray, MD in Boston from one identical twin to his brother. Murray would later share the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his "[discovery] concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease".

Egyptian activist and physician Nawal El Saadawi has written about and advocated for victims of violence in Egpyt for over 30 years.

Egyptian activist and physician Nawal El Saadawi has written about and advocated for victims of violence in Egpyt for over 30 years.

Roger Parry, "Michel Leiris", 1935.

Roger Parry, "Michel Leiris", 1935.

Egyptian scientist Dr. "Mostafa Mosharafa" nicknamed (Arab Einstein), the greatest scientist in the whole history of Egyptian civilization. He was assassinated January 15, 1950. Einstein commented that:" Today, half of science has died".

Egyptian scientist Dr. "Mostafa Mosharafa" nicknamed (Arab Einstein), the greatest scientist in the whole history of Egyptian civilization. He was assassinated January 15, 1950. Einstein commented that:" Today, half of science has died".

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, the 1st female president of Liberia and 1st elected female head of state in Africa.  Winner of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize.

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, the 1st female president of Liberia and 1st elected female head of state in Africa. Winner of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize.

Mother Teresa once said: "By blood, I am Albanian. By citizenship, an Indian. By faith, I am a Catholic nun. As to my calling, I belong to the world."

Albania calls on India to return Mother Teresa's remains

Mother Teresa once said: "By blood, I am Albanian. By citizenship, an Indian. By faith, I am a Catholic nun. As to my calling, I belong to the world."

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