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In 1973 OAPEC nations imposed a oil embargo in response to the United States decision to assist the Israeli military. The resulting embargo left the states starved for fuel. Not only did snaking lines form for blocks to get to gas stations, but the fuel was rationed to only a certain amount per car. By February of 1974 20% of gas stations were dry
President Jimmy Carter (1976-1981) created the Department of Energy in 1977 in response to the 1973 OPEC Oil Embargo. The agency's purpose is to establish a national energy policy with key goals of reducing dependence on imported oil and lessening the effect of carbon based fuels on the physical environment.