Engraving of Colonel Richard Irving Dodge who was quoted as saying in 1870: "Kill every buffalo you can. Every buffalo dead is an Indian gone." - Dodge City in the territory of Kansas, USA was named in part after Col. Richard Irving Dodge from Fort Dodge.
Prisoners at Fort Marion: This is one of several stereographs of American Indians held as prisoners of war in 1875 at Fort Marion, Florida. Front row (left to right): Pe-ah-ni, Black Horse, Minimic; Back row (left to right): Mo-chi (Buffalo Calf) and Medicine Water.
Cheyenne leader Dull Knife and his band had escaped from Indian Territory back to Dakota but they were soon betrayed and arrested. At Fort Robinson the men were imprisoned. The women approached them and said it was better to die than to live like slaves. Guns were smuggled to the men by the women and they escaped to the nearest ditch to make a stand. When they ran out of ammo, the men stood up and bared their chests then the women stood up, some with babies. They were all shot dead. Photo…
Timothy H. O’Sullivan captured some of the traditional daily life among the Navajo in this 1873 photo taken near Old Fort Defiance in New Mexico of Navajos clustered around a loom, hunting equipment and drying maize. – Courtesy Library of Congress –
At Wounded Knee Creek Col. James Forsyth arrived to take command of the 7th Cavalry. They placed 4 Hotchkiss cannons around the camp. A soldier tried to disarm a deaf Indian, Black Coyote. In a scuffle his firearm discharged. Other guns were fired. At first, the struggle was at close quarters. When the Indians ran for cover, the Hotchkiss guns opened up on them, cutting down men, women, children alike, Big Foot among them. Forsyth, charged with killing innocents, was exonerated.
Blue Thunder - Santee Sioux and scout for the US military. He and 4 other scouts once fought an all day, 50 mile running gun fight on horseback at Little Heart Butte, fourteen miles from Fort Abraham Lincoln. Their actions held off an estimated 100 “wild” Sioux from attacking the fort. All the scouts were given medals except Blue Thunder, because he was not considered an American citizen, having been born in Canada rather than the U.S. He died sometime in the 1920's.