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Mary Queen of Scots and her son James, who would later take the throne after Queen Elizabeths death. Queen Elizabeth hated Mary & her Catholic faith, Elizabeth jailed Mary in the tower for a total 19 years before executing her. James grew up alone and mistreated by his uncle, he lost his mother in his life shortly after this painting. Mary had sought out Elizabeths protection, but she was refused & imprisoned, never once seeing Elizabeth. Queen Elizabeth was after all still her fathers…


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Queen Elizabeth I

Queen Elizabeth I surrounded herself with highly intelligent and loyal advisors, such as Sir William Cecil, Sir Francis Walsingham, and Sir Robert Cecil, who gave her sound political advice. A major accomplishment of the Elizabethan government was the defeat of the Spanish Armada of 132 ships by the English fleet of just 34 ships and 163 armed merchant vessels, under the command of the Queen's cousin, Lord Howard of Effingham, and Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Hawkins.

Sir Francis Drake jewel. The medallion dates from around 1575, but the inset miniature of Queen Elizabeth I was executed by Nicholas Hilliard about a decade later. Family tradition records that Elizabeth I gave this Sir Francis Drake jewel to him sometime between 1540-1595. Although the date on the jewel appears to be 1586, it possibly was given later in commemoration of Drake's role in the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588.