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Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I.

Sir Francis Drake jewel. The medallion dates from around 1575, but the inset miniature of Queen Elizabeth I was executed by Nicholas Hilliard about a decade later. Family tradition records that Elizabeth I gave this Sir Francis Drake jewel to him sometime between 1540-1595. Although the date on the jewel appears to be 1586, it possibly was given later in commemoration of Drake's role in the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588.

Queen Elizabeth I surrounded herself with highly intelligent and loyal advisors, such as Sir William Cecil, Sir Francis Walsingham, and Sir Robert Cecil, who gave her sound political advice. A major accomplishment of the Elizabethan government was the defeat of the Spanish Armada of 132 ships by the English fleet of just 34 ships and 163 armed merchant vessels, under the command of the Queen's cousin, Lord Howard of Effingham, and Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Hawkins.

Sir Francis Walsingham-Born: 1530, Scadbury Park, Chislehurst, Kent, England-Died: 6 Apr 1590, Seething Lane, London, Middlesex, England Principal Secretary to Elizabeth I of England from 1573 until 1590, and is popularly remembered as her "spymaster". Elizabeth I. nicknamed him her 'Moor'.

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