Daisy Bates and the Little Rock Nine In 1958, LIFE's Paul Schutzer photographed activist Daisy Bates (fourth from left) as she posed in front of the U.S. Supreme Court with members of the Little Rock Nine. Standing tall and proud in front of the highest court in the land, these civil rights pioneers assert their identities as Americans worthy of all every protection under the law.
Pauli Murray, civil rights lawyer and Episcopal priest, was born in 1910. She became the first African American person to earn a doctorate at Yale Law School in 1965. Murray also co-founded the National Organization for Women. In 1977, Murray made history again when she became ordained as an Episcopal priest.
Before Madam C.J. Walker there was Annie Turnbo Malone, " The Forgotten Entrepreneur" (1869-1957) A chemist and entrepreneur, Annie Turnbo Malone became a millionaire by successfully developing and marketing hair products for black women in St. Louis. She used her wealth to promote the advancement of African Americans and gave away most of her money to charity.